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Nov 13 10 2:13 PM
Name:Date of Birth:Eye Colour:Hair Colour:Sex:
Courtney Jenelle StrubleNovember 22, 1990HazelBrownFemale
Missing Since:Missing From:
July 9, 2004Estevan, SK
Circumstances: Courtney was last seen at approximately 12:30 a.m. on July 9, 2004 in the vicinity of Highway 39 and Woodlawn Avenue in Estevan. She was wearing a grey hoodie, blue jeans and runners. IDENTIFYING FEATURES: Courtney has an olive complexion. She is 5'3" and 130 lbs, with a medium build. There is a 1.5" birthmark on her neck and a scar on left shin.
IF YOU HAVE SEEN COURTNEY JENELLE STRUBLE OR KNOW OF HER WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Nov 13 10 2:15 PM
Jeffrey Stuart SurtelFebruary 24, 1990Blue/greyMedium BrownMale
April 29, 2007Mission, BC
Circumstances: Jeffery was last seen at his home late evening on April 29 2007. He was last seen wearing a navy blue hoodie, Nevada black, faded jeans, navy blue T-shift, and black running shoes. IDENTIFYING FEATURES: Jeffrey has moles on his face.
IF YOU HAVE SEEN JEFFREY STUART SURTEL OR KNOW OF HIS WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Nov 13 10 2:16 PM
Kris SyrzyckiAugust 1, 1985BlueDark BlondeMale
June 29, 2002Coquitlam, BC
Circumstances: Kris was last seen in Coquitlam, BC. He was very distraught at the time of his disappearance. More photos and information is available at a website put together by Kris' family: http://www.ensc.sfu.ca/kris
IF YOU HAVE SEEN KRIS SYRZYCKI OR KNOW OF HIS WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Nov 13 10 2:21 PM
Savanna Catherine ToddMay 6, 1993HazelLight BrownFemale
April 24, 1994Isle of Palms, South Carolina, USA
Circumstances: Savanna was alledgedly abducted during a supervised visit with her non-custodial mother, Dorothy Lee Barnett, on April 24, 1994. A FBI Unlawful Flight to Avoid Prosecution warrant was issued for Dorothy Barnett on April 28, 1994. IDENTIFYING FEATURES: Savanna has small birth marks to the upper left of her navel. The restraining parent, Dorothy Barnett, born May 27, 1960, has a scar from a C section. She is 5'4" and 105 lbs. has blue eyes and blonde hair.
IF YOU HAVE SEEN SAVANNA CATHERINE TODD OR KNOW OF HER WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Savanna - Age enhanced to 12
Restraining Parent Dorothy Lee Barnett
Nov 13 10 2:30 PM
Christopher WatkinsApril 1, 2004blue/greysandy blondMale
March 6, 2009Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Circumstances: Christopher & Alexander have been allegedly abducted by their non-custodial mother, EDYTA USTASZEWSKI (Watkins) AKA Alexandra (Edyta) WATKINS on March 6th, 2009 from Toronto, Canada. A Canada-wide Warrant has been issued. DESCRIPTION: Edyta USTASZEWSKi (Watkins) was born in Warsaw, Poland on November 17, 1973. Height is 152 cm (5’9”), Weight 58 Kg (130 Lbs) - light blue eyes, light brown, med. Length hair (may be short and coloured blond)
IF YOU HAVE SEEN CHRISTOPHER WATKINS OR KNOW OF HIS WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Alexander WatkinsJune 7, 2001Light BlueMedium BrownMale
IF YOU HAVE SEEN ALEXANDER WATKINS OR KNOW OF HIS WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Christopher & Alexander
Edyta (Ustaszewski) Watkins
Nov 13 10 2:31 PM
Lawrence WillJanuary 3, 1951HazelBrownMale
May 30, 1986Calgary, Alberta
Circumstances: Lawrence Will was last seen at a downtown Legion in Calgary, AB. IDENTIFYING FEATURES: Lawrence has a mark on his head above his right and is missing two front teeth.
IF YOU HAVE SEEN LAWRENCE WILL OR KNOW OF HIS WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Nov 13 10 2:34 PM
Ashlyn Ceri WilsonNovember 20, 1994BlueBlondeFemale
July 20, 1995Dallas, Oregon, USA
Circumstances: Ashlyn was allegedly abducted by her mother, Tara WILSON, on July 20, 1995. Tara may also use the names T.S Wilson or Suzanne Wilson. A felony warrant for Kidnapping was issued for the Tara WILSON on November 24, 1995. Tara Wilson, the Restraining parent, born October 2, 1971, has blue eyes and blonde hair. She is 140lbs and 6' tall.
IF YOU HAVE SEEN ASHLYN CERI WILSON OR KNOW OF HER WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Composite of Ashlyn at 12 yrs. old
Restraining Parent Tara Wilson
Nov 13 10 2:35 PM
Brianne Ruth WolgramMarch 25, 1979BlueLight BrownFemale
September 5, 1998Revelstoke, BC
Circumstances: Brianne was last seen on Saturday September 5, 1998 between 11:00 p.m. and 11:30 pm at the 7-Eleven store in Revelstoke, BC in the company of three unidentified females. IDENTIFYING FEATURES: Brianne has a light brown birthmark on the back of her right leg.
IF YOU HAVE SEEN BRIANNE RUTH WOLGRAM OR KNOW OF HER WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Nov 13 10 2:37 PM
Daniel Joseph WorobecMarch 11, 1966Blue/GreenBrownMale
May 13, 1984Lanigan, SK
Circumstances: Daniel was last seen in Lanigan on the night of May 13, 1984 wearing jeans, boots, and a plaid shirt. IDENTIFYING FEATURES: Daniel has a scar on the underside of his right forearm.
IF YOU HAVE SEEN DANIEL JOSEPH WOROBEC OR KNOW OF HIS WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Daniel age enhanced to 26
Nov 13 10 2:38 PM
Jadon Alexander YANEZ PARADAJune 5, 2007BlueBrownMale
January 26, 2008Guelph, Ontario Canada
Circumstances: Jadon Alexander may be in the company of his non-custodial mother Roxana Eliana YANEZ PARADA
IF YOU HAVE SEEN JADON ALEXANDER YANEZ PARADA OR KNOW OF HIS WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Nov 13 10 2:40 PM
Kelvin Axl Ora ZdarskiMay 6, 1978BlueBrownMale
June 17, 1997Waterhen , MB
Circumstances: Last seen at 7:30am near Waterhen, Manitoba on June 17, 1997. IDENTIFYING MARKS: Kelvin has a fair complexion and is acne prone.
IF YOU HAVE SEEN KELVIN AXL ORA ZDARSKI OR KNOW OF HIS WHEREABOUTS, PLEASE CALL:
Nov 13 10 7:26 PM
I have been studying the impact of parental child abduction for the last 20 years and have published extensively on the topic. Recent events and articles have placed it again in the news. Elizabeth Smart, kidnapped by a non-family member for nine months when she 14-years-old testifed this week in court during the trial against her abductor, Brian Mitchell. Jaycee Dugard was kidnapped when she was 11 and held for 18 years. During that time she gave birth to two children. While these high profile non-family kidnappings capture the headlines, much more common are family abductions. Today's New York Times carries a front page article about using the I.R.S. to track down abductors who file tax returns. Department of Justice statistics report that approximately 200,000 family abductions occur each year and that 6% of these last for longer than six months.
Most recently, and working with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), I completed interviews with 8 people (now all over 21-years-old) who were parentally kidnapped when they were children. The focus of the interviews (the report is available on the NCMEC website) was to learn what would help families reunify with each other after a kidnapping. For today's blog I will focus on the impact on children. Some of this information appears in my co-authored book (with Rebecca Hegar), When Parents Kidnap. Imagine a child being taken by a parent with whom the child does not feel particularly close, moved away from friends and other family members, and living in changing residences. Imagine the state of mind of the abductor who is the primary caretaker. Add these two together and the stage is set for a difficult time for the child. While the child is on the run, the left-behind parent is often frantic and expending all his or her time involved in the search. The left-behind parent's well-being, relationships, and work life are put at risk and, upon recovery of the child (not all children are recovered) the parent struggles to get things back to normal when such a hopeful vision may not be possible.
According to David Finkelhor et al.'s telephone survey (NISMART), 16% of abducted children experience emotional harm, 4% are physically abused, and 1% are sexually abused. Other research, including our own, found reactions to abducton include: nightmares, fears of doors and windows, bedwetting (depending on age), fear of authority and strangers, anger at abductor and left-behind parent, depression, anxiety, and school and peer problems.
Problems for many adults persist into their 20s, 30s, 40s, and 50s (the oldest person I interviewed was 53). Today's New York Times' article talks about cooperation between the IRS and searching parents to help find missing children. The sooner cooperation can begin the better it will be for children and their families. The impact of these long-term abductions is significant enough that new steps toward prevention are clearly needed.
Nov 15 10 3:27 PM
Nov 15 10 7:56 PM
Nov 20 10 1:59 PM
M I S S I N G
Amber Jean Swartz-Garcia
Age Progression to 22 years old
Date of Birth - 8/19/80Date Missing - 6/3/88Missing from - Pinole, CaliforniaL.E.A. - Pinole Police Dept.Telephone Number - (510)724-8950
ID Info - NCIC #M-305024999. Amber is a white female with straight blond hair and blue eyes. She has a severe hearing impairment and suffers from migraine headaches. She has pierced ears and wears earrings with gold and emerald posts. She was last seen wearing a white short sleeved shirt with pictures of sunglasses on it, purple pants and white LA Gear tennis shoes with pink shoelaces.
Circumstances - Amber was last seen playing in her front yard in Pinole, California. She has not been seen or heard from since. Amber may have a leather jump rope with wooden handles with her.
Date of Birth - 5/7/87Date Missing - 12/27/91Missing from - Fairfield, CaliforniaL.E.A. - Fairfield Police Dept.Telephone Number - (707)428-7355
ID Info - NCIC #M-536133336. Amanda is a white female, 4'6" tall, weighs 60 pounds, has blond hair and blue eyes.
Circumstances - Amanda was last seen on 12/27/91 in Fairfield, CA. She was wear in a pink jacket, purple pants and shirt and white tennis shoes.
Nov 23 10 8:36 PM
Mark Himebaugh, at age 11, in 1991
Age-enhanced photo of what Mark Himebaugh may look like more recently.
COURT HOUSE — Nov. 25 will mark the 19th anniversary of the disappearance of Mark Himebaugh, 11, from Del Haven, according to Cape May County Prosecutor Robert L. Taylor and Middle Township Police Chief Christopher Leusner.
On that day in 1991, his mother, Maureen Himebaugh, called Middle Township Police Department in the early evening hours to report that Mark had not returned home from playing in the neighborhood.
From that point, a massive search of the area ensued, without locating him. Since then, numerous tips have been tracked, and countless investigative hours have gone into the search for answers in this case.
Members of the Cape May County Prosecutor's Office, Middle Township Police Department, Federal Bureau of Investigation, New Jersey State Police, and countless other agencies, around the country, have worked on the case.
Investigators from those agencies remain confident, and have the resolve, that answers to this case are forth-coming, according to a release.
As with any case of this magnitude, investigators are continuing to seek information from the Himebaugh fam-ily, friends, neighbors, and members of the public to bring this investigation to a conclusion.
Investigators also do not make any assumptions as to what may have happened to Mark, and cite the Salt Lake City, Utah, child abduction case of Jaycee Dugard,11, who also went missing in 1991, and her safe return last year, that give the Himebaugh family hope that Mark will be safely located. Every piece of information re-ceived is looked into for a connection to the case.
Anyone with information regarding the disappearance of Mark Himebaugh is urged to contact the Cape May County Prosecutor's Office (609) 465-1135, the Middle Township Police Department (609) 465- 8700, the F.B.I. (973) 792-3000, New Jersey State Police (609) 882-2000, or "Crime Stoppers," (465- 2800).
Jan 18 11 10:16 AM
Nancy Grace's new show, "Nancy Grace: America's Missing," debuts tonight on HLN.
Nancy is dedicated to finding missing persons in the United States. The program, which relies heavily upon audience participation, urges viewers to find people as well as bring attention to victims whose stories never made it to the airwaves.
Nancy and her team are utilizing social media, CNN iReport, phone lines and their show to achieve the goal of finding 50 people in 50 days.
Tonight’s debut program will feature the case of Lindsey Baum, a 10-year-old girl from Washington state who went missing in 2009 as she walked home from a friend’s house.
CNN spoke to Nancy just prior to the show’s live premiere.
CNN: What inspired you to focus your show solely on missing persons?
Nancy Grace: Well, you’re in the news business just like us - although I don’t really think of myself that way, I think of myself more as a prosecutor - and our news cycle chews somebody and spits them out every 24 hours. And I get it. I’m not trashing that because there’s more news to report that people want to know, need to know and should know.
I understand that you can’t stay with a case forever. You’ve got to pick up and move on to the next group of people that need your help. But this is a real chance to go back and pick up those pieces and put them back together again.
When I was prosecuting, I got the satisfaction of being called in on a crime scene, helping to analyze and process the scene, investigate it, take it to the grand jury… after conviction, take it myself to an appeals court and argue it. I could see the end. I would take the case to fruition.
We don’t get to do that. We cover cases as long as there’s news, and when there’s not news anymore, we move on to cases that have news, more people that need to be found. Many of them stick in my mind and in my heart; and my EP [Executive Producer], Dean Sicoli, same way. And my staff, same way. We saw this as an opportunity to try and go back and look at the cases that remain unsolved and try again.
CNN: Does each installment of "America's Missing" focus on one missing person?
Grace: Yes, exactly. 50 people in 50 nights.
CNN: Are you featuring both missing children and adults, male and female?
Grace: Oh yes. We’re across the board.
CNN: Did the missing persons have to have gone missing recently, or is there no timeframe?
Grace: Absolutely no timeframe. In fact, tonight we may lead off with the case of a female child who’s just gone missing and then go into the main story that we’re covering just so we can get it out there.
CNN: Do you think the show's "beat the clock" sort of mentality will stir up a sense of urgency regarding cases that otherwise may have gone forgotten?
Grace: We hope so. That’s our goal.
CNN: If someone has a loved one who is missing, what can they do to get their story out there?
Grace: They can contact us. That’s actually how we found out about many of these cases. Just e-mail me or call the show [1-877-NANCY-01]. If people have cases, or know of cases, that no one’s covering - we’ll cover them.
CNN: What would you say to someone with a missing friend or family member who has lost all hope of finding their loved one either because too much time has passed or due to grim statistics?
Grace: I always use examples; for instance, Elizabeth Smart. Also, in a case that we covered recently, a little girl got taken along the eastern seaboard but a viewer saw her in California with her abductor who was panhandling in front of a 7-11. A woman called in and sure enough it was her [the missing girl]. She was found alive! It does happen!
And I would also tell anyone: Don’t just rely on law enforcement. They’re just as overloaded as everybody else in this world. They’re just as swamped. You get out there, you make the difference.
And, frankly, what’s more important than that is what you do up front when it comes to letting your children play outside or letting your children play unsupervised. Avoid a missing child incident before it happens. For instance, we did the HLN digital fingerprinting. Have information on file and ready for police if they need it. To this day, in my own neighborhood, I see children walking around from one place to the next by themselves. That’s not okay. Also, be careful at pick-ups and drop-off locations at school and after school activities.
Of course there’s always the aberration. Remember the Erin Runnion case? Her daughter, [5-year-old] Samantha Runnion, was right there in the front yard with the grandmother inside looking out the window and she got taken out of the front yard. It does happen, but a lot of this is avoidable. There are ways to protect, and that’s the message I want to get out.
"Nancy Grace: America's Missing" airs at 9 p.m.
Jan 22 11 10:09 AM
Hailey Darlene Dunn was reported missing Dec. 28, 2010 in Colorado City, Texas.
COLORADO CITY, Texas (CBS/KOSA/AP) The mother of missing Texas teenager Hailey Dunn has enlisted the help of national organizations to search for her daughter, who was reported missing Dec. 28.
The Laura Recovery Center for Missing Children, a Houston-based non-profit group, and the KLASS Kids Foundation that works to prevent crimes against children, have teamed up with local search groups to find the missing 13-year-old.
Hailey was reported missing Dec. 28 by her mother, Billie Dunn, whose boyfriend, Shawn Adkins, said he last saw Hailey a day earlier when she told him she was going to her father's nearby home and would stay overnight with a friend. She did neither.
Adkins has been named among several persons of interest in the case.
Dawn Davis, with The Laura Recovery Center, said Hailey's mother requested their service and saw how involved the community was in efforts to find the missing teen, reports CBS affiliate KOSA.
"We know that when the community responds more chances are given," Davis said.
Thursday morning the organization split 60 volunteers into nine groups. Volunteers were told to look for anything from earrings and fingernails to clothing and toys, reports KOSA.
Details in the case have been scarce, but city manager Pete Kampfer said evidence was found recently at a landfill in Abilene, 70 miles east of Colorado City, where Hailey was reported missing.
"It's a sensitive part of the investigation," Kampfer said. "The cadaver dogs did hit on items at the landfill."
No arrests have been made.
Shawn Adkins told the Associated Press last Friday that he had nothing to do with the girl's disappearance and said he prays daily for her safe return.
Jan 30 11 10:08 AM
Jan 30 11 10:38 AM
By Brian Bethel
Abilene Reporter-News -
Shortly after the disappearance of Colorado City girl Hailey Dunn, City Manager Pete Kampfer remembers talking with a visibly fatigued chief of police about a case that "just would not quit."
Weeks later, there remains no resolution in Hailey's disappearance that was reported Dec. 28, the case having amassed expansive media attention, a massive volunteer effort and help from an army of law enforcement groups and national organizations devoted to finding missing children.
But as time has worn on, Kampfer and others have had to toe a line between optimism and realism.
"If it takes a week or a year, we're going to keep going on as a community to find Hailey," he said, no matter what the "resolution" — good or ill — might be.
But sustaining the effort will take considerable work, especially as help from other law enforcement agencies drops off.
Though no longer directly involved in the investigation, Texas Department of Public Safety Senior Trooper Sparky Dean said that at its height, law enforcement officials were checking into 30 leads per day connected to the 13-year-old Hailey's appearance.
More recently, tips had dwindled to about 10, he said.
"Every time the phone rang, we would think, 'This is going to be the phone call we need,' " he said. "'This is going to be the information that helps us, one way or the other.'"
The decision to back off on resources allocated to a case such as Hailey's disappearance is by necessity a "joint decision" among law enforcement, said Frazier Thompson, supervisory senior resident agent with the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Lubbock, based on the case and "what else is going on the in the world and in the area."
Thompson said the FBI has played a "secondary, supportive" role throughout the case, one it intends to continue playing.
"Early on, the response was overwhelming, and a lot of resources were thrown to it," Thompson said of the investigation. "Understandably, over time, you can't continue supporting that number of resources. You have to scale back."
But with that said, Thompson added that the agency had resources assigned to the investigation "until it is solved," saying that the agency remained "poised" to help, even at a large scale, especially should new evidence or additional information warrant it.
Thompson declined to quantify the exact FBI resources allocated to the case, saying they changed daily depending on the investigation's need.
Kampfer said that Mitchell County Sheriff's Department employees and Colorado City police are regularly combing the area looking for any sign of Hailey.
And Kampfer said that he plans to make long-term commitments, not just to Hailey's case but to the safety of those in the community.
He plans to hire two additional police officers and to convert the position of one currently employed officer to a full-time detective.
"She'll be 100 percent working on this case until resolution," he said. "And that's indefinite."
In addition, Kampfer said he wants to put in more streetlights in downtown and residential areas and put in video cameras around schools and other areas frequented by children.
"I'm not just talking; I'm actually putting that into a budget format," he said.
Kampfer said that he wants to work with school counselors and others to better track children in "dysfunctional situations" to help prevent such a scenario from happening again.
"It's about churches being involved, schools, the police department," he said.
Parental education, Kampfer believes, is another essential component to the town's renewed emphasis on safety.
All of those changes, he acknowledges, won't necessarily bring a resolution to a case that could be measured in days at best, "months, or even years" at worst.
No matter how much sustained effort is brought to a case such as Hailey's disappearance, time obviously can be an enemy for any missing child case, said Ernie Allen, who heads the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children.
But it's also incorrect to assume that if a child is not found immediately, they never will.
"There's been such emphasis on rapid response and having to resolve these cases quickly that many in the public now translate that as meaning if you don't find the child quickly, there is no hope," he said.
Marc Klaas, founder of missing child organization KlaasKids Foundation, agreed.
"You can't assume that these things are going to be resolved in 24 to 48 hours, and you can't turn your back on cases that aren't resolved in 24-48 hours," he said. "Those are the cases that need the most help."
Coming up with a typical life cycle of a case like Hailey's is difficult, largely because of the number of variables involved, said former federal agent Rande Matteson, who now teaches criminal justice classes at Saint Leo University in Florida.
"A lot of it has to do with whether they have enough leads on the front end to follow up," he said, along with the level of community expectation and response.
And there is some hazard in directly comparing the results of one missing child case with another, Klaas said.
"This is a very big world, and these are small kids," he said.
If — as in the case of recent Lubbock teen abductee Elizabeth Ennen — a body is found by the side of a road, that is a different scenario than a case where someone has taken deliberate care to hide a body and "lawyer up, no matter how much suspicion may be on them."
In the latter scenario — similar to that of the Hailey Dunn case though no arrest has been made — one has a case that may "never be resolved," Matteson said.
"But that doesn't mean you should stop looking," he said "Every missing person deserves to be brought home."
There are certain basic responsibilities for law enforcement and the parents of missing children alike when a case is fresh, according to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, in which guidelines for each place a significant emphasis on the first 24 to 48 hours.
For law enforcement those steps include obtaining a detailed description of the child, searching a child's room as soon as possible and reviewing sex offender registries to determine whether individuals designated as sexual predators live or work nearby or might otherwise be associated with the child's disappearance.
Kampfer said that the Colorado City Police Department and others worked from a similar checklist as they were attempting to run down leads, though law enforcement were initially frustrated at stories found to be "contradictory" from certain initial interviewees.
Since then, volunteers, national child search organizations and a tide of law enforcement groups have searched through areas near and far, continued to interview people, ran down leads and taken in tip after tip.
Many people are willing to work hundreds of hours to turn over the smallest lead, Matteson said, but it is inevitable that law enforcement eventually will have to "reframe" and pull back, leaving collectively perhaps a few officers actively investigating but in a diminished capacity.
"If there aren't leads, it's hard to justify the expenditure of resources," he said.
Ninety percent of nonfamily abductions are resolved within the first 24 hours, said Allen, which means that tremendous emphasis must be placed on "those early hours and days, where you have the greatest opportunity to identify something and respond."
Beyond that, though, "you go where the evidence takes you," Allen said.
"You have to consider all possibilities," he said. "That's why law enforcement continues to pursue every lead aggressively, that's why we are aggressively distributing Hailey's photograph. Our overwhelming premise is that someone knows where she is, somebody knows what's happened to her."
But the frustration with cases such as Hailey's, in which no one saw an abduction, means solving the case will require continued reliance on forensic evidence and the help of the public, he said.
From a technical perspective, Matteson said, a case can probably be considered "cold" somewhere between 60 and 90 days after it breaks, though those possessed of even a "glimmer of hope" still may be considered active, no matter how small the leads law enforcement may be examining.
"There's always a sort of tugging at your heartstrings," he said. "You want to try to think of anything at all that you've overlooked or that you may need to back and revisit again. It might be right in front of you, and you haven't seen it."
As a case similar to that of Hailey's moves into the longer term, a distinction that in some interpretations begins as little as 72 hours after a child is initially reported missing, the nature of investigation and information-gathering naturally change, Matteson said.
Sustaining the effort requires volunteering on the part of a number of people who are willing to stay dedicated, and while law enforcement may keep the search active, it is inevitable that as many resources will not be devoted as in the beginning.
"All you can do is hope a break will come, that a tip will help move you toward a resolution," he said. "That's how most of these cases will resolve."
Other times, a re-examination of evidence will provide further clues. Matteson said.
"It's doubtful that you will have anyone confess," he said, especially the longer a case hangs on.
Realistically, the longer a case lingers, the less likely it is to be solved, Matteson said.
But there are other ways to charge people with crimes, he said, to give some closure for friends and family.
"If the FBI or federal agencies are involved, and they made false statements to them, those are chargeable under federal law," he said. "Lying to a federal agent is a crime — and a felony offense."
SUSTAINING THE EFFORT
Many involved with the case point toward other high-profile disappearances, stories in which a missing child was found months, even years, after they initially vanished.
Allen said cases such as that of Elizabeth Smart in Salt Lake City, abducted at 14 from her bedroom, provide hope for recovery even months down the line.
Following her abduction in 2002, Smart was found nine months later in Sandy, Utah, 18 miles from her home in the company of her kidnapper.
"There was a point in that search where law enforcement concluded she was dead," Allen said. "They thought they knew who was responsible, but that person had a stroke and died. They thought they just didn't have a body."
Smart's case, he said, shows that there are always new directions an examination can take, no matter how long it has gone on.
"There are many scenarios under which Hailey Dunn could still be alive," he said. "It's ultimately a function of who took her and why."
A Justice Department study found that, of stereotypical stranger abduction cases, 40 percent of the victims are killed, Allen said.
But that means more than half come home alive.
The motives for a child abduction are enormous, Allen said, ranging from sexual to commercial exploitation to people taking children to sell or keep. Most of those children tend to be very young.
Among children taken long-term, it has been shown that they tend to learn to adapt to their situation, no matter how horrific.
"You could not expect the child to save themselves," he said. "What these kids figure out in these circumstances is how to survive."
As the case progresses, Klaas said, much of the onus will be on Hailey's family to keep it alive, who will need to continue fully cooperating with law, media and the community and will need to coordinate events to keep their missing child in the public eye.
As prospects cool, it becomes easier for law enforcement to pull resources from an investigation and "ultimately dump it into a cold case bin," he said.
As for reporters, "there is no currency in reporting a story that has no leads," he said.
Klaas said he tells parents to put together a 10-week, then later a six-month plan, to keep their missing child before the public.
"They need to find three days out of every week to do something that promotes their child is still missing and still needs help," he said.
That can be as simple as a small fundraiser, he said, or as grand as a hundreds-strong motorcycle ride through the center of town. Such things give the visuals television requires and a backdrop newspapers can use.
"The more time you put into them, the better the event is going to be and the more high-profile you can make it," he said.
KlaasKids has also attempted to create a sustainable search effort in Colorado City with a core group of volunteers, Klaas said.
Partnerships with parents of other missing children in a community or region is essential as well, he said. They offer opportunities from event planning to mutual news conferences.
Social networking also is an enormous part of what will keep the case going, he said.
"You can use that to your advantage by reaching out to people, asking them to maybe post a picture of your missing person, maybe donate a small amount of money to a missing person," he said. "You can keep that going for a long time and at no cost."
Allen said that it's common understanding that "Hailey Dunn isn't going to be a front-page story for the next 10 years, or the next month, even."
"But our view is: you don't stop looking," he said. "You don't close any of these cases until the child is found or we know with certainty what happened. And we are absolutely convinced that somebody out there knows what happened to Hailey."
Photo by Victor Cristales, VICTOR CRISTALES
A Texas Department of Public Safety helicopter lands in a wooded area on East 21st Street, located east of Business Hwy 208 (Hickory Street) and south of Interstate 20 in Colorado City where the search for 13-year-old Hailey Dunn continues Thursday, Jan. 6, 2011A pair of Texas Rangers leave Colorado Middle School in Colorado City, where Hailey Dunn attends, Friday, Jan.7, 2011. The search continues for 13-year-old Hailey.Agents with the Federal Bureau of Investigations go door-to-door searching for information and physical evidence related to the disappearance of 13-year-old Hailey Dunn in Colorado City, Friday, Jan. 7, 2011.Law enforcement officials travel through a field Thursday in Scurry County near Dunn to search for missing Colorado City teen Hailey Dunn.
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