Beverley Gail Allitt (born 4 October 1968), dubbed the Angel of Death, was an English State Enrolled Nurse (SEN) who was convicted of killing four children and injuring five others, in 1991, on the children's ward of Grantham and Kesteven Hospital, Lincolnshire where she worked. She has since become one of Britain's most notorious female serial killers. Her main method of murder was to inject the child with insulin or potassium to cause cardiac arrest.
She was sentenced to life imprisonment at her trial in 1993 and is currently being held at Rampton Secure Hospital.
- Liam Taylor (seven months old) - was admitted to the ward for a chest infection and was murdered on 21 February 1991.
- Timothy Hardwick (eleven years old) - a cerebral palsy sufferer who was admitted to the ward after having an epileptic seizure. He was murdered on 5 March 1991.
- Kayley Desmond (then one year old) - admitted to the ward for a chest infection. Allitt attempted to murder her on 8 March 1991 but the child was resuscitated and transferred to another hospital, where she recovered.
- Paul Crampton (then five months old) - admitted to the ward for a chest infection on 20 March 1991. Allitt attempted to murder him with an insulin overdose on three occasions that day before he was transferred to another hospital, where he recovered.
- Bradley Gibson (then five years old) - admitted to the ward for pneumonia. He suffered two cardiac arrests on 21 March 1991, due to Allitt administering insulin overdoses, before he was transferred to another hospital, where he recovered.
- Yik Hung Chan (also known as Henry, then two years old) - admitted to the ward following a fall on 21 March 1991. He suffered an oxygen desaturation attack before he was transferred to another hospital, where he recovered.
- Becky Phillips (two months old) - admitted to the ward for gastroenteritis on 1 April 1991. She was administered an insulin overdose by Allitt and died at home two days later.
- Katie Phillips (then two months old) - Becky's twin was admitted to the ward as a precaution following the death of her sister. She had to be resuscitated twice after unexplained apneic episodes (which were later found to be due to insulin and potassium overdoses). Following the second time that she stopped breathing, she was transferred to another hospital but, by this time, had suffered permanent brain damage, partial paralysis and partial blindness due to oxygen deprivation. In a twist of fate, her parents had been so grateful to Allitt's care of Becky that they had asked her to be Katie's Godmother. In 1999 Katie was awarded £2.125 million, by Lincolnshire Health Authority, to pay for treatment and equipment for the rest of Katie's life. Lincolnshire Health Authority did not accept liability, but did acknowledge that Katie was entitled to compensation.
- Claire Peck (fifteen months old) - admitted to the ward following an asthma attack on 22 April 1991. After being put on a ventilator, she was left alone in Allitt's care for a short interval during which time she had a cardiac arrest. She was resuscitated but died after a second cardiac arrest, again following a period when she was left alone with Allitt.
Allitt had attacked 13 children in the space of 15 days before she was finally arrested. It was only following the death of Claire Peck did medical staff become suspicious of the number of cardiac arrests on the children's ward and police were called in. It was found that Allitt was the only nurse on duty for all the attacks on the children and she also had access to the drugs.
Four of Allitt's victims had died. She was charged with attempted murder and grievous bodily harm in November 1991. On 23 May 1993 she was found guilty on each charge and sentenced to 13 concurrent terms of life imprisonment - to be served at Rampton Secure Hospital in Nottinghamshire.
Allitt's trial judge recommended she serve a minimum term of 40 years (one of the longest minimum terms ever suggested by a trial judge, High Court judge or politician), which would keep her in prison until at least 2032 and the age of 64, and even then she could only be released if she was no longer considered to be a danger to the public. In August 2006, Allitt launched an appeal on the length of her sentence. On 6 December 2007, the High Court reaffirmed the original sentence and fixed her minimum tariff at 30 years, bringing her possible release date forward to 2022.
Allitt's motives have never been fully explained. According to one theory, Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy explains her actions. This controversial personality disorder is described as involving a pattern of abuse in which a perpetrator physically falsifies illnesses in someone under their care, in order to attract attention.
Allitt is one of several serial killers mentioned in the 1994 song 'Archives of Pain', by Manic Street Preachers. In 2005, the BBC made a dramatisation of the story, "Angel of Death", in which Charlie Brooks (the actress best known as Janine Butcher in the soap opera EastEnders) played the role of Allitt.